New Webinar: “Mistakes Commonly Made on NIH Grant Applications”

In an effort to provide cost-effective training to the broadest group possible, I am launching a series of webinars in the upcoming months. The first of these will be in early February, and the goal will be to help grantees recognize and correct common submission mistakes.

Unlike many who conduct NIH submission training programs, I myself work on NIH submissions full time. I see clients make the same types of mistakes repeatedly– mistakes that are easily avoided.

Each year I am fortunate to have dozens of clients share their Summary Statements with me. Because I regularly read reviewer comments from a multitude of study sections, I can easily identify trends in pink sheets. I also keep track of evolving trends at NIH based on information I find in FOAs, Notices, and Appropriations Testimony. Study sections change, funding priorities evolve. It is important to understand NIH’s priorities right now.

I have helped clients land over $200 million in federal funds in the past five years. Your NIH submission will entail several hundred hours of work by you and others. Why not learn strategies to optimize your success on this and future submissions?

What: Webinar entitled “Mistakes Commonly Made on NIH Grant Applications

Who: Ideal for faculty preparing to submit a K, R21, R03, or R01 in an upcoming cycle, and the senior faculty and administrators who advise them.

When:Wednesday 4 February 2015, 11am-12:30pm EST or
Thursday 12 February 2015, 11am-12:30pm EST
Cost: $149
Takeaways: At the end of this 90-minute session, participants will be able to:
1) Predict some key criticisms reviewers may make
2) Identify problems in their or their colleague’s draft applications
3) Utilize that information to write stronger drafts

Ketamine — A New Drug Treatment For Depression?

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Remember ketamine, the old veterinary (and sometimes street) drug? Apparently it rapidly and significantly reduces anhedonia in those with treatment-resistant bipolar disorder, according to a new study.

Anhedonia, which is a lack of interest in activities that once gave a person pleasure, is a key feature of treatment-resistant bipolar disorder. According to a recent NIH-funded clinical trial, ketamine restored pleasure-seeking behavior independent of its other antidepressant properties in these patients. What’s more, it did so about 40 minutes after a single infusion, and the effect lasted as long as 14 days.

To me the most interesting part of this study is that ketamine did not act on the midbrain areas typically involved in depressive symptoms. Rather, PET scans on patients in the depressive phase of bipolar disorder showed that after ketamine infusion, there was activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC). This region lies deep within the brain, resting on the medial surface of the frontal lobes. Its precise role remains somewhat elusive, though it is thought to govern conscious control of goal-directed behavior. The most recent significant study I could find on its function was a 2012 paper in Nature suggesting that the dACC is involved in optimizing behavioral adaptations to continuously evolving demands by predicting the difficulty of a task.

“Our findings help to deconstruct what has traditionally been lumped together as depression,” explained Carlos Zarate, M.D., of NIMH. “We break out a component that responds uniquely to a treatment that works through different brain systems than conventional antidepressants — and link that response to different circuitry than other depression symptoms.”

Imaging studies similar to the one just published are underway in patients with major depression, though results are not yet available. Other studies have suggested that ketamine may be exerting these effects through glutamate and dopamine pathways. Research is underway to explore easier methods of drug delivery, such as nasal spray.

Of late, ketamine has been studied for its rapid antidepressant properties, providing relief within hours rather than the weeks required for traditional medications to work. At present, ketamine is not FDA approved for treatment of depression and it is still used primarily in a veterinary setting.

Ketamine is an NMDA receptor antagonist, though it also inhibits reuptake of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. It was developed in 1962 and has been used in both humans and animals. It is categorized as a dissociative agent. It has been used for general anesthesia, sedation, and as a pain killer. Side effects include amnesia and agitation, and its street use has led to hallucinations, delirium, and death.

NIH Awards $31M To Increase Diversity in The Biomedical Research Workforce

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In late October, NIH issued a news release stating that it will award $31 million to enhance diversity in the biomedical research workforce in FY14. The award will go to over 50 recipients who will be part of the national Diversity Program Consortium, established to engage researchers from underrepresented backgrounds. Award recipients work at geographically diverse institutions across the country that serve underrepresented communities. Members of the consortium will develop, implement, and evaluate methods for encouraging individuals to pursue careers in biomedical research and remain in this field.

Research shows that economic, social, and cultural factors significantly influence the pursuit of science careers. Dr. Hannah Valentine, NIH chief officer for scientific workforce diversity, asserts, “These awards represent a significant step toward ensuring that NIH’s future biomedical research workforce will reflect the unique perspectives found within the diverse composition of our society.”

The Diversity Program Consortium is part of a five-year plan with three major initiatives. The goal of the first initiative, BUILD, is to explore new approaches to attract students from diverse backgrounds to the biomedical science workforce. The goal of the second initiative, the National Research Mentoring Network (NRMN), is to develop best practices for mentoring individuals from underrepresented groups. Finally, work carried out as part of the Coordination and Evaluation Center is designed to assess the effectiveness of the training and mentoring approaches developed by BUILD and NRMN. It will also establish short- and long-term methods for measuring the effectiveness of both training and mentoring programs.